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2 | Past and Present Conditions Around the Cascade Loop

INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................................................................. 2-1

NATURAL HISTORY AND ECOSYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS........................................................................................................ 2-2

CLIMATE............................................................................................................................................................................................ 2-4

FIRST PEOPLES................................................................................................................................................................................. 2-5

PAST AND PRESENT CONDITIONS OF EACH REGION.................................................................................................................. 2-9

Region 1: Snohomish River Valley........................................................................................................................................2-10

Region 2: Stevens Pass Greenway.......................................................................................................................................2-15

Region 3: Leavenwoth/Cascade Foothills...........................................................................................................................2-20

Region 4: Wenatchee/Columbia River Valley.....................................................................................................................2-24

Region 5: Lake Chelan Valley................................................................................................................................................2-28

Region 6: The Methow Valley................................................................................................................................................2-34

Region 7: North Cascades.....................................................................................................................................................2-40

Region 8: Skagit Valley & Fidalgo Island..............................................................................................................................2-48

Region 9: Whidbey Island Scenic Isle Way..........................................................................................................................2-54

3 | Intrinsic Qualities—Special Places and Unique Experiences

WHAT ARE INTRINSIC QUALITIES?................................................................................................................................................ 3-1

ELIGIBILITY FOR NATIONAL SCENIC BYWAY AND ALL AMERICAN ROAD DESIGNATION...................................................... 3-3

INTRINSIC QUALITIES OF THE CASCADE LOOP SCENIC HIGHWAY............................................................................................ 3-4

1 | Snohomish River Valley.....................................................................................................................................................3-6

2 | Stevens Pass Greenway....................................................................................................................................................3-8

3 | Leavenwoth/Cascade Foothills........................................................................................................................................3-10

4 | Wenatchee/Columbia River Valley..................................................................................................................................3-12

5 | Lake Chelan Valley. ...........................................................................................................................................................3-14

6 | The Methow Valley............................................................................................................................................................3-16

7 | North Cascades..................................................................................................................................................................3-18

C A S C A D E L O O P S C E N I C H I G H W A Y

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